Digital Photography, Week 5

LESSON TITLE: Digital Photography
TEACHER NAME: Jennifer November
GRADE LEVEL: 7th & 8th
CLASS TIME: _45_Minutes _1_Days/week _1_# Session(s)
SUBJECTS COVERED – Applying principals and elements of photography to photo shoot.


  • Students will take photographs with the principals and elements of photography in mind.
  • Students will use compact tripods for timed images.
  • Students will have a stronger understanding of the use of elements and principals in their photography.


  1. Digital camera
  2. Compact tripods
  3. Elements & Principals Handout



Composition – refers to the arrangement and relationship of the different parts that make up the whole image (two areas, elements and principals)

Elements of art – the compositions individual visual parts, the real and tangible parts of an art work, line, shape and form, value, color, space & texture

Principals of design – the compositions organizing ideas, intangible plans and blueprints for creating and arranging the elements balance, unity, variety, movement & rhythm, emphasis, proportion, pattern

Line – the line of a photo starts and ends somewhere in the photograph, 5 kinds, straight, curved, horizontal, vertical, and combination which borrows two or more of the other four qualities

Shape  – is created when a line meets itself, geometric or organic, circles, ovals, triangles, rectangles and squares, this is found in everyday objects, signs, wheels, windows etc.

Form – has volume and is three-dimensional (3-d forms become 2-d shapes)

Space – the two dimensional arrangement of objects in a photograph, basically what you see though your cameras viewfinder, or the 3-d illusion of depth in the image, space can be positive or negative. Positive is the subject and negative is the background

Balance – the appearance of equal visual weight within a composition

Symmetrical balance – this is an image that if split down the center would look the same on both sides, or would mirror each side

Asymmetrical balance – this still looks balanced but this uses the rule of thirds, this is the most widely used method of taking a photograph and often leads to the most appealing pictures. Objects that appear at the intersections of the vertical and horizontal lines look most pleasing to the eye.

Radial balance – a circular style of composition, this occurs when objects radiate from a central point in an image

Unity – is the effect when all the individual parts of an image come together to support each other

Proportion – the relationship between the sizes of objects or components in an image, this helps indicate an objects size, distance and location


Joyner, Hermon, and Kathleen Monaghan. Focus on Photography. Worcester, MA: Davis Publications, 2007. Print.



Students were given the hand out, then went outside. Later they sat at the computers to download their digital images.



We sat in a circle and I handed out the handout with the reminder guidelines of the principals and elements for them to refer to when out on the property taking pictures. After a quick review the digital cameras and tripods were passed out. I quickly demonstrated to them how to use the tripod and made sure everyone had an idea of how to use their camera. Then they were sent out for 40 minutes to take pictures all over campus. When the students returned they went to their computers and were told to download their pictures and save them tot their USBs. They will be using these images for next weeks assignment when they work on different techniques in photoshop.



The students did a wonderful job walking around the campus to take pictures. They were all over the property and trying to take images from different perspectives. They seemed to pay attention to the worksheet and the guidelines that I had shown them over the past couple of classes. I let them take the whole 40 minutes taking pictures and trying to get in the required amount of images for the next assignment.

When the students returned we viewed some of the images together and spoke about possible things that can be done to the image to either enhance it or to add to it and make the image a new picture.

I went around and took my own photos to use for examples of photoshop images they can make for next weeks project.



Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s