Digital Photography 1, Week 4

LESSON TITLE: Digital Photography Class #4
TEACHER NAME: Jennifer November
GRADE LEVEL: 7th & 8th
CLASS TIME: _1.5_Minutes _1_Days/week _1_# Session(s)
SUBJECTS COVERED – Photography Principals and Elements (Photos with Purpose/ Time, Light, Subject)


  • About the elements of art and the principals of design
  • How to use these elements and principals to compose great photographs




Composition – refers to the arrangement and relationship of the different parts that make up the whole image (two areas, elements and principals)

Elements of art – the compositions individual visual parts, the real and tangible parts of an art work, line, shape and form, value, color, space & texture

Principals of design – the compositions organizing ideas, intangible plans and blueprints for creating and arranging the elements balance, unity, variety, movement & rhythm, emphasis, proportion, pattern

Line – the line of a photo starts and ends somewhere in the photograph, 5 kinds, straight, curved, horizontal, vertical, and combination which borrows two or more of the other four qualities

Shape  – is created when a line meets itself, geometric or organic, circles, ovals, triangles, rectangles and squares, this is found in everyday objects, signs, wheels, windows etc.

Form – has volume and is three-dimensional (3-d forms become 2-d shapes)

Color – hue, saturation, value

Hue – the name of the colors, green, blue, yellow, etc

Saturation – intensity or purity of a color

Value – lightness or darkness of the color, or lightness and darkness of a black and white picture, you are photographing how much light is reflected ack at the camera and how much light is absorbed be the subject or scene

The value of a scene can carry emotional content as well. Low -key or mostly dark scenes can create a mood of sadness, suspense or dread. High-key scenes, which are mostly light or white in values, usually carry positive, upbeat feelings

Space – the two dimensional arrangement of objects in a photograph, basically what you see though your cameras viewfinder, or the 3-d illusion of depth in the image, space can be positive or negative. Positive is the subject and negative is the background

Balance – the appearance of equal visual weight within a composition

Symmetrical balance – this is an image that if split down the center would look the same on both sides, or would mirror each side

Asymmetrical balance – this still looks balanced but this uses the rule of thirds, this is the most widely used method of taking a photograph and often leads to the most appealing pictures. Objects that appear at the intersections of the vertical and horizontal lines look most pleasing to the eye.

Radial balance – a circular style of composition, this occurs when objects radiate from a central point in an image

Unity – is the effect when all the individual parts of an image come together to support each other

Proportion – the relationship between the sizes of objects or components in an image, this helps indicate an objects size, distance and location


Joyner, Hermon, and Kathleen Monaghan. Focus on Photography. Worcester, MA: Davis Publications, 2007. Print.


Students viewed the powerpoint and followed along with a worksheet that has them search for key terms and definitions though out the presentation. After it was over the students sat a individual computers to work independently.



Students have some photography foundation education so far. But today we go into the lesson even deeper. We define the various parts of an image. We determined how to prepare a composition for the image. We related the principals to the rule of thirds, and to Fibonacci’s sequence. I showed them my own images and over laid the rule or thirds and Fibonacci’s sequence to show them how the image is successful.

With all of the information they were given I wanted them to have time to apply what they learned. So in next weeks class they will receive a hand out that will send them on a trip around our campus taking images using the principals and elements which I have taught them.

The spent the reminder of the class time to finish the project from the previous weeks class.


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