LESSON TITLE: Printmaking (1 of 6)
TEACHER NAME: Jennifer November
GRADE LEVEL: 7th & 8th
CLASS TIME: _1hr 45_Minutes _1_Days/week _6_# Class(es)
SUBJECTS COVERED – Printmaking
Students will watch a powerpoint and learn the proper vocabulary of the tools we will be using through out the session of lessons.
Students will come up with an idea for a holiday card to be used during the holiday sale.
Students will create a drawing of a holiday card they would like to create and transfer it onto a linoleum block for printing.
- Newsprint (recommended or Drawing paper)
- Gouge, blades #1-6
- Cutting block surface
- 4×6 Linoleum block (For this I strongly recommend buying the blocks online, I found that the soft cutting blocks are OK, however if the block is TOO soft then the print cannot have as much detail because the material will cut very easy, the more firmer blocks lend to a stronger skill and talent, more refined detail. I also personally prefer the blocks that do not have a backing, you can use two sides of your block this way. I had to shop around to find what I liked, I believe it is best to buy your materials as far in advanced as you can to ensure you have what you need. I used Jerry’s Artrama and Nasco)
- 4.5×6.5 Card-stock (can be found at most craft stores such as Michaels often used for scrapbooks)
- Ink of various colors (water based)
- Inking tray (we used old baking sheets, just needs to be a non-absorbant surface
- Phone book
I used the above powerpoint to show my students the vocabulary words below. I also gave them a hand out with all of the words on the page but none of the definitions. As they followed along the powerpoint they wrote down the definitions.
Print – A shape or mask made from a printing block or another object.
Brayer – a small hand held roller used to spread printing ink evenly on a surface before printing.
Block/Plate- a piece of flat material used to carve in to and print on.
Burnish- to smooth a surface by rubbing it with a tool that has a hard, smooth surface.
Collograph – a print made from a surface that has been built up like a collage.
Edition- the total numbers of impressions or “number of copies” made at one time or of the same block.
Gouge – A chisel with a curved blade in the shape of either a V or a U, for scooping, or cutting holes in the plate/ block.
Ink – medium used for printmaking
Inking Tray – tray to put the ink in so you can roll it out evenly
Mirror Image – the print comes out backwards because you are printing it’s mirror image. Remember this when you are writing letters.
Print – mark (a surface, typically a textile or a garment) with a colored design or pattern.
Pulling the Print – pulling the paper off your block to reveal the printed image.
Proof – practice print
Relief Print – three-d print
Reduction Print – printing in stages each of which many prints a made from a block carve three times and prints after each carving, creating an evolving print.
Rubbing – using a crayon and paper to get a rough impression
Subtractive Process – taking more off every time
Linoleum – a piece of rubber like material that is soft enough to carve into
Linoleum print – a creation of craved linoleum that can create images when ink is put on it.
Collage – when we use several materials and put them together on one ‘canvas’ to create an image.
1. Intro: Students will be introduced to various forms of printmaking. They will look at various blocks of prints created from plastic (or acrylic), metal, wood and linoleum.
2. Students will learn and review vocabulary words. The teacher will go through a short power point lesson having the students write down the vocabulary definitions on the worksheet provided.
3. Students will be given worksheets of tips and warnings on how to safely cut the block, cutting away from their hands and their bodies.
4. Following the this part of the lesson students will all be given a small piece of linoleum or an eraser will work too. They will practice with the smaller piece and create a “Stamp” to grasp the concept of printmaking a little stronger.
5. They will print with one color ink on one color paper, either white or varying colors.
Students watched the powerpoint and took notes on all of the vocabulary words. I mentioned to them that there may be a test on them at the end of the session. I also have a presentation board that I made of the printmaking process. (I happen to have it from college, I had to make a poster board with a lesson plan in case I was ever on a job interview and didn’t have technology to help me.) This extra visual aid included example prints of each step of the reduction print process. This is a very helpful visual aid because the student could see what each layer entailed. I had two worksheets for them. One that has a list of the vocabulary words (listed above) with blank lines so they can write down the definitions according to the powerpoint while also hearing them out loud, and shown the actual objects that correspond to the words. i.e. Gouge, give term, show image, show the actual gouge and the blades, then demonstrate information about the gouge. Later on at the end of our 6 classes my students shared with me that they really liked having everything given to them in the first class and that the rest of the five classes were really focused on doing the work and working the technique as they went along.
Once we went over the visuals I gave them their goal for the session. To make two prints. One that would be a reduction print, and one that would act as a one color print, like a stamp. They had to come up with a winter themed image that would be used for printed greeting cards that they were selling for their winter holiday gifts. I had expected them to come up with a sketch for both designs. Below are some of the designs they came up with. Some of my students were able to transfer their sketch right onto the block on the first day. However I allowed for more time for this on the second session.